The Beacon

Volume 30 Number 6
July-August 2000

The Official Newsletter of the Saanich Peninsula Squadron


Commander Cdr Ken Reeves 655-3602  
Past Commander P/Cdr Helen Louwerse 544-4358
Executive Officer Lt/Cdr Greg Nutt 656-4212 nutz@
Training Officer Lt/Cdr Greg Nutt 656-4212 nutz@
Assistant Training Officer 1st Lt John Hudson 655-3653
ATO Chief Proctor 1st Lt Sita Pillay 656-5675
Youth Training Officer 1st Lt Barbara Bond 384-4268
Training Aids Officer 1st Lt David Teece 658-0299
Treasurer 1st Lt Jim Dawson 658-8204
Secretary 1st Lt Paulette Nutt 656-4212
Membership Officer 1st Lt Diana McBratney 656-4590
Editor, Beacon 1st Lt Heather Pepper 656-8101
Publisher, Beacon 1st Lt Agnes Simpson 652-1291
Supply Officer 1st Lt Chris Sterling 656-7927  
Communications Officer 1st Lt Jackie Levi 656-3420
Marep Hydrographic P/Cdr Stephen Denroche 656-6177
Webmaster P/Cdr Glenn Gallins 656-4904
Social Cruise Captain 1st Lt Barry Levi 477-3702
Student Cruise Captain 1st Lt Martin Pepper pgr388-1727
P.R. & Entertainment Officer 1st Lt Gay Miller 656-5190
Port Captain 1st Lt Gay Miller 656-5190
Environment Officer 1st Lt George Winn 472-2219
Archivist (Temp) P/Cdr Giles Perodeau 656-4525
Auditor ***** Brenna Litwack 656-0084
********************** ****** ************** ********** ********************

Meetings of the Bridge will be held on the third Thursday of each month at 1930 in the Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club, except July and December. All members are welcome to attend. Information for The Beacon should be in the hands of the Editor by the 15th of the month. The Beacon will also be published on the Squadron website at

Page 2

Commander's Comments

The Squadron's first annual Sailpast of the new century (or the old millennium!) took place on 3 June under a brilliant summer sky, a light breeze, and temperatures in the mid to high 20's. Ten boats under the lead of P/Cdr Bob Parkinson on Dorian I paid the appropriate compliments as they passed SEAMOGGY anchored just north of Port Sidney Marina at 1400 hours on the dot.

Following the on-the-water action, 39 members gathered at the Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club for drinks and an excellent buffet dinner, prepared by Chef Joel and enjoyed by all. Our thanks go particularly to Jackie and Barry Levi for organizing and ensuring the success of the Sailpast -- Bravo Zulu!

The next event on the VISD calendar is the District Gathering at Otter Bay Marina on 18, 19 and 20 August. The Gathering also coincides with the 20th anniversary of the Pender Island Squadron. The joint event promises to be lots of fun -- hope to see a good turn-out from our Squadron.

The Beacon takes a well-earned break in August -- a chance for the new Editor, Heather Pepper, to take over from Diana McBratney -- who will be a hard act to follow Heather, but we all know that you will meet the challenge!

Come September, the Squadron will get into full sail again, starting with the Fall Boating Course beginning 12 September and plans for the Piloting course to begin at the same time.

So, until then, I wish everyone a great Summer and safe boating.

Ken Reeves, Commander

All search is vain,

until we begin to perceive that wisdom is within ourselves . . .

then we may know the sun is rising,

that the morning is breaking for us.


Page 3

Coming Events Calendar

July and August

Jul. 1 Sidney Days Parade. The Squadron is planning to enter a boat (on a trailer towed by a truck) again this year. Anyone with bright ideas for decoration or who would like simply to help decorate or walk in the parade, please contact Greg Nutt at 656-4212.

Jul. 7-9 North Island District Rendezvous at Transfer Beach, Ladysmith.


Jul. 15 Todd Inlet raft-up.

Aug. 17 Bridge meeting at Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club, 1930. All members are welcome to attend.

Aug. 18-20 3rd Annual Vancouver Island South District Gathering at Otter Bay, on North Pender Island. Plan now to come along and among other things find yourselves served breakfast by members of the Bridge …have a swim in the pool … golf 'n other games … pot luck dinners …all good stuff and you can still catch the Ferry back home if you don't bring your own boat or come with friends. This year Pender Island Sqn will be hosting this event in celebration of their 20 years of service to their community. They will have tee-shirts, sweat shirts, mugs, etc. for sale. Also a "name the otter contest" and many other specials.

Coming Up:

September -- Another Boating Course will run from September through to December. Do you have kids or neighbours or friends who "boat" and who need more information about boating safely, not to mention the Operator's Card? Tell them about our course. $165. And then there is the Radio Operator's course in December -- this is required to operate a VHF radio. We may also be running Piloting and Weather in the Fall. Contact Greg Nutt (656-4212) or John Hudson (655-3653) for more info.

Also in September, the 16th, is the "corn roast" cruise to Genoa Bay; and in October, the 14th, is the wind-up cruise to Maple Bay. Contact Barry Levi for more info.

We suggest you mark Friday the 2nd of December on your calendars now, for the Annual Squadron Christmas Dinner at the Glen Meadows Country Club.

Page 4

Meet the Bridge

Meet Gay Miller. Gay took the Boating Course back in 1968 and became a Lady Associate of CPS as in those days, ladies were not permitted membership. However, times and rules change, and Gay joined the Squadron and began to take on various tasks. She served as Secretary, Proctor, Chief Proctor, Asst. Trg. Officer and Supply Officer of our Sqn and then as Boating Safety Officer with District. She now returns to us in the role of Public Relations and Entertainment Officer and wears a second hat as Port Captain. In case you're wondering, a Port Captain is someone that members of other squadrons can phone if they are visiting the area and need any kind of assistance or information (just as you can phone the Port Captain of any area you visit with your boat). Gay and husband Bill spend as much time as they can out and about on their 24 foot Sea Ray, Charlotte-Time, often times in company with their grandkids.

Meet Jackie Levi. Straight off the spring Boating Course, Jackie joins husband Barry as a member of our Bridge. Jackie is responsible for Communications within the Squadron. She maintains the list of members who will be phoned with reminders of cruises and other Squadron events, and is now in the process of taking over the list of those who want to be emailed with such notices instead of being phoned. With a membership now over 300, Jackie finds keeping the lists up-to-date is a time consuming effort. On leave from her employment with the bank just now because of hand/wrist injuries, Jackie is always on the lookout for something to do that isn't too physically demanding. Our luck -- we have found a willing helper when it comes to preparing the Beacon for distribution!

Member News

This month we have several more members to welcome: more from the last Boating Course -- Monika Winn, Gerrit Looman, Joanna and Jackie Levi, Larry Drader, Bill Kaptyn, Terry and Bonnie Roberts, Gilda Gonzales and Scott Stephens, Brian Dunic, John Hoare, Peter and Nancy Vivian. Also we welcome Ab Yates who is transferring from Oak Bay Squadron.

We now have 293 members and 12 Lady Associates: for a total of 305; with 175 boats: 50 sail and 125 power.

Page 5

Training Page

As new co-author of the Training Page, I started out by researching the last 16 editions of the Beacon in order to avoid subject repetition. The first decision was whether to make it a quiz or a narrative. Initially a quiz was selected but in doing the research I got too involved in playing on the Internet and as a result discovered a wealth of information. The problem is that most of my own reference material is still packed until the lower floor of our house is completed.

I started the Internet search at the Canadian Coast Guard web site:

selecting "English" and then "Office of Boat Safety". Here one is given the choice of 33 topics, some with many more choices. One topic is "The (1999) Safe Boating Guide" which is available in separate web pages by topic or the whole booklet in a very readable Adobe format. CCG site was chosen to enter the Internet because it was found easier to navigate than Transport Canada's. Basically it makes little difference as departments provide excellent inter-departmental links for related subjects.

Looking for a copy of the "International Collision Regulations with Canadian modifications", these can be found under "CSA and Regs" near the bottom of the page as part of another list of over 100 Acts and Regulations. On the same page can be found "Pleasure Craft Sewage Pollution Prevention Regulations" and also the "VHF Radiotelephone Practices and Procedures Regulations ".

One Fisheries and Oceans Canada site that capsuled the new boating regulations is: (place an underscore before the "e")

In a single page entitled, "Backgrounder", it provides the maximum boat power that can be operated by minors, the dates that the New Recreational Boat Operator Competency Regulations come into effect, changes to Small Vessel Regulations as of April 1, 1999 and the new Safety Equipment Requirements, all in neat tables.

Any comments or suggestions on this article or future articles would be welcome.

John Hudson, ATO

Do all members of your family have the PCOC?

Check with John Hudson about a special family rate for the Boating Course this fall.

Page 6


For the second straight year we enjoyed beautiful weather for the sail past. Commander Ken Reeves took the salute aboard "SeaMoggy", anchored just off the Sidney waterfront. Unfortunately our boat "Showtime" was not ready in time for this event. To our delight, Bob & Mo invited us aboard Dorian I and volunteered to be the lead boat, for which we were very thankful.

The following boats took part: Sea Moggy, Dorian I, Thrill Seeker, Island High, Panache, Easy Ice, Audacious, Charlotte Time, Ethelda, Gavia, and a fine madness.

Several of these vessels also carried guests whose own boats didn't get to sea. I would like to thank the skippers for their hospitality in giving "rides" to other Squadron members for the Sailpast.

Happy hour followed the Sailpast, at the Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club. A great buffet style dinner followed and was enjoyed by all. A most enjoyable way to spend a fine Saturday evening. I would like to list all those who attended, and take this opportunity to thank them for their support.

Ken & Mary Reeves John Hoare & Sandra Parsonage

George & Monika Winn Clive & Georgina Farmer

Ray & Joyce Berry Bill Morrow

David & Edith Struthers Pat Ikle & John Hutchinson

Bob & Ruth Jones Doug Mitchell

Bob Parkinson & Mo Robertson Martin & Heather Pepper

Helen Louwerse Diana McBratney & Carol Sidwell

Bill & Gay Miller Greg & Paulette Nutt

Stephen & Marjorie Denroche John Hudson & Carolyn Hole

Pally & Sita Pillay John Harbrink

Barry & Jackie Levi Don & Marilyn Goodman (Nanaimo Sq.)


Regrettably the Kids cruise was cancelled. By the deadline of June 8th we had received only three assurances of kids coming to the cruise. The cruise was well advertised in the Beacon, and every member was either e-mailed or telephoned well in advance.

Hopefully we can try again next year, as it was a fun event for the kids in 1999.

Barry Levi, Social Cruise Captain

Page 7

Recipe Box

From Joyce Morrow, Et Tu, we have the following bread recipe

-- highly recommended by Mo Robertson and Ken Clarke.

Griddle Soda Bread

2¼ cups flour (eg 1¾ whole wheat + ½ white; or all white, whatever)

½ tsp salt

½ tsp baking soda

1 tsp baking powder

Mix together and store until needed.

For plain soda bread: add to above dry mixture but don't overmix :

1 cup sour milk or buttermilk

1 tbsp olive (or veg.) oil

For fruit soda bread: as for plain bread but add

1 cup mixed dried fruit and peel

1 tbsp Demerara (raw) or soft brown sugar

To the dry mix.

Mix lightly, turn out onto a floured board, pat or

roll into a round about ¾ to 1" thick

Mark into triangles (as for 8 servings of pie)

Bake on a floured griddle about 10 min each side

Cool (wrapped in a cloth to soften if wished)

A good boater approaches a dock or slip at clutch speed and in full control, regardless of wind or current conditions. Running up to a pier at half throttle, and slamming the engine in reverse to stop is a sign of poor boat handling skills. All man oeuvres in and around other boats, piers, and docks should be done slowly and skillfully.

A referees that depends on a moving "pea" to operate, is no good if filled or partially filled with water. Therefore, if you intend to use a whistle to satisfy the requirements for a "sound producing device", purchase one that doesn't depend upon moving parts. There are several on the market, and they are very inexpensive.

Page 8-9

Guidelines to Shipboard Flag Display

Taken from CPS Operational Manual Section 3

Flag or Pennant

in order of





Power Yacht


With bow and

Stern staffs only

Power Yacht with


Bow and stern staffs

And signal mast

Sailing Yacht


Single Masted

Sailing Yacht


Two Masted

Canadian (2) 0800 to sunset (3) and at all times



Stern staff Stern staff Stern staff or, when under way, at peak of gaff-rigged or 2/3 up the leech of Stern staff or, when under way, 2/3 up the leech of sail on aftermost mast
Courtesy or



At all times while in foreign waters or if Bow staff Bow staff Forestay at 1/3 mast height when at anchor. Underway, starboard shroud or As for single masted except flown from foremost mast only
CPS Flag 0800 to sunset Bow staff Starboard shroud or spreader Starboard shroud or spreader Starboard shroud or spreader of foremost mast
Officer Flag (7) Day and night while Not flown Masthead Masthead Masthead of main mast
Sqn/Dist (4)



0800 to sunset (6) Not flown Port shroud or spreader Port shroud or spreader Port shroud or spreader of foremost mast
Yacht Club (5) 0800 to sunset (6) Bow staff Bow staff (5) Masthead Masthead of foremost mast
Private Signal 0800 to sunset Not flown Masthead Masthead Masthead of aftermost mast


If more than one flag or pennant is designated for one position, the preferred order of precedence is given in the left hand column beginning with the Canadian flag.

Also known as "Canadian ensign" or "colours".

The ensign is flown at any time when entering or leaving port.

Squadron or District pennant must be flown with the CPS flag. Hoist of pennant not to be greater than CPS flag flying at the same time.

Same precedence as the CPS flag. A few clubs fly their burgee from the masthead.

Preferred practice, but may be flown day and night while boat is in commission.

Port Captain Flag may be flown in lieu of officer's flag, but only if Port Captain is aboard.

NOTE: Only one flag, pennant or burgee to be flown on any staff or halyard. If more than one is designated for a position, then the one most suitable to the occasion should be flown (international code signal flags excepted.)

Pages 10-12

Vigor's Interdenominational

Boat Denaming Ceremony

by John Vigor as published in 48 North in August of 1997

Many members of our Squadron have asked about the re-naming of their boats. Here is the info you need to know, from an expert. John Vigor, an Oak Harbor resident, is a boating writer and editor. He is the author of the following books:

The Practical mariner's Book of Knowledge (International Marine)

The Sailor's Assistant (International marine)

The Seaworthy Offshore Sailboat (International Marine)

20 Small Sailboats to Take You Anywhere (Paradise Cay)


I once knew a man in Florida who told me he'd owned 24 different yachts and renamed every single one of them.

"Did it bring you bad luck?" I asked.

"Not that I'm aware of," he said. "You don't believe in those old superstitions, do you?"

Well, yes. Matter of fact, I do. And I'm not alone. Actually, it's not so much being superstitious as being v-e-r-y careful. It's an essential part of good seamanship.

Some years ago, when I wanted to change the name of my newly purchased 31-foot sloop from Our Way to Freelance, I searched for a formal "denaming ceremony" to wipe the slate clean in preparation for the renaming. I read all the books, but I couldn't find one. What I did learn, though, was that such a ceremony should consist of five parts: an invocation, an expression of gratitude, a supplication, a re-dedication and a libation. So I wrote my own short ceremony.

Vigor's inter-denominational denaming ceremony. It worked perfectly. Freelance

carried me and my family many thousands of deep-sea miles both north and south of

the equator, and we enjoyed good luck all the way. I used the same ceremony recently to change the name of my newly acquired Santana 22 from Zephyr to Tagati, a Zulu word that means "magic," or "bewitched." We're hoping she'll sail like a witch when I finally get her in the water this summer after an extensive refit.

I'll give you the exact wording of Vigor's denaming ceremony, but first you must remove all physical traces of the boat's old name. Take the old log book ashore, along

with any other papers that bear the old name. Check for offending books and charts with the name inscribed. Be ruthless. Sand away the old name from the lifebuoys, transom, top-side, dinghy, and oars. Yes, sand it away. Painting over is not good enough. You're dealing with gods here, you understand, not mere dumb mortals. If the old name is carved or etched, try to remove it or, at the very minimum, fill it with putty and then paint over. And don't place the new name anywhere on the boat before the denaming ceremony is carried out. That's just tempting fate.

How you conduct the ceremony depends entirely on you. If you're the theatrical type, and enjoy appearing in public in your yacht club blazer and skipper's cap, you can read it with flair on the foredeck before a gathering of distinguished guests. But if you find this whole business faintly silly and embarrassing, and only go along with it because you're scared to death of what might happen if you don't, you can skulk down below and mumble it on your own. That's perfectly okay. The main thing is that you carry it out. The words must be spoken.

I compromised by sitting in Tagati's cockpit with the written-out ceremony folded into a newspaper, so that any passerby would think I was just reading the news to my wife, sitting opposite. Enough people think I'm nuts already. Even my wife has doubts. The last part of the ceremony, the libation, must be performed at the bow, just as it is in a naming ceremony. There are two things to watch out for here. Don't use cheap-cheap champagne, and don't try to keep any for yourself. Buy a second bottle if you want some. Use a brew that's reasonably expensive, based on your ability to pay, and pour the whole lot on the boat. One of the things the gods of the sea despise most is meanness, so don't try to do this bit on the cheap.

What sort of time period should elapse between this denaming ceremony and a new naming ceremony? There's no fixed time. You can do the renaming right after the denaming, if you want, but I personally would prefer to wait at least 24 hours to give any lingering demons a chance to clear out. (See page 9 for the wording of the ceremony.)


Now you can pop the cork, shake the bottle and spray the whole of the contents on the bow. When that's done, you can quietly go below and enjoy the other bottle yourself. Incidentally, I had word from a friend last month that the Florida yachtsman I mentioned earlier had lost his latest boat, a 22-foot trailer-sailer. Sailed her into an overhead power line. Fried her. She burned to the waterline. Bad luck? Not exactly. He and his crew escaped unhurt. He was just very careless. He renamed her, as usual, without bothering to perform Vigor's famous interdenominational denaming ceremony. And this time, at long last, he got what he deserved.

Vigor's Denaming Ceremony

"In the name of all who have sailed aboard this ship in the past, and in the name of all who may sail aboard her in the future, we invoke the ancient gods of the wind and the sea to favor us with their blessing today.

"Mighty Neptune, king of all that moves in or on the waves; and mighty Aeolus (pronounced EE-oh-lus), guardian of the winds and all that blows before them:

"We offer you our thanks for the protection you have afforded this vessel in the past. We voice our gratitude that she has always found shelter from tempest and storm and enjoyed safe passage to port.

"Now, wherefore, we submit this supplication, that the name whereby this vessel has hitherto been known (_____), be struck and removed from your records.

"Further, we ask that when she is again presented for blessing with another name, she shall be recognized and shall be accorded once again the selfsame privileges she previously enjoyed.

"In return for which, we rededicate this vessel to your domain in full knowledge that she shall be subject as always to the immutable laws of the gods of the wind and the sea.

"In consequence whereof, and in good faith, we seal this pact with a libation offered according to the hallowed ritual of the sea."

Christening Ceremony

After a boat is denamed, you simply need to rename it using the traditional christening ceremony, preferably with Queen Elizabeth breaking a bottle of champagne on the bow, and saying the words:

"I name this ship ___________ and may she bring fair

winds and good fortune to all who sail on her."

Page 13

Pre-Underway Checklist

Print this page and keep it with your boat, boatbag, briefcase, logbook, or wherever most convenient. As skipper, review the checklist aloud for all members of your crew and passengers before departure. By using this checklist, or one you develop yourself, you'll be sure that everything is on board and in good working order, and your passengers and crew will know where things are stowed in the boat.

Float plan - let a friend know when you're leaving, where you're going, when you expect to return, what to do if you don't, along with a description of your boat

Charts of the area, compasses and binoculars

Registration certificate, operators cards (CGG, radio, etc) and licences

Personal Flotation Devices (wearable and throwable) - CCG approved, good condition, readily accessible, assigned to specific crew and guests, and fitted ; safety harness if sailing

Fire Extinguishers - right number, size, and class for boat; charged, not corroded, nozzle clear, bracketed, readily accessible

Visual Distress Signals - current dates on pyros, proper number, batteries good if lights or epirb

Anchors and Line - adequate anchor for bottom, adequate line for water depth

DeWatering device - bilge pump operable, alternative bailing device available

Watch or clock - operable

Boarding ladder (or other means of boarding)

Heaving lines - at least 50 feet with floater; at least 50 feet tied to CCG approved life ring

Mooring lines - bow, stern, and spring lines

Bright flashlight (with spare batteries) or searchlight

Navigation lights - tested and operable, spare bulbs

Batteries - fully charged, encased in plastic boxes or terminals covered, securely fastened down

Sound producing device - horn, whistle, bell, appropriate for boat

Alternate propulsion - paddle or oar

Radar reflector

Emergency steering device (spare tiller)

Boat hook(s)

Oil discharge and trash placards affixed - if required by boat size / foreign destination

First Aid Kit and manual

Gauges - functional and reading properly

Ventilation - power ventilation operable (blower) and natural ventilation cowls open and clear

Tools and spare parts

Depth sounder, lead line, or sounding pole

Copy of Collision Regs, Sailing Directions, Small Craft Guide, List of Lights…, Tide & Current Table

Spare propeller and lock nut

Sunscreen and sunhat

Extra clothing...wool sweater, gloves, socks

AM radio...static on AM forewarns of nearby lightning

Drinking water

Personal needs like prescription drugs

Check this out carefully --

add things you find missing --

delete unnecessary items.

Page 15

Alternatives to Toxic Cleansers

Fiberglass Baking soda and salt

Aluminum 1 tbsp of cream of tartar in a half litre of hot water

Brass Worcestershire sauce, vinegar and salt solution

Chrome Vinegar and salt solution

Copper Lemon juice and salt solution

Decks 1 part vinegar to 8 parts water

Hair Baby shampoo (phosphate-free and Ph balanced)

Hands Baby oil or margarine

Clear Plastic 1 part vinegar to 2 parts water

Mildew Vinegar and salt solution

Shower Wet the area, apply baking soda, and wipe

Toilet Baking soda

Windows 1 part vinegar to 2 parts water

Wood Polish with olive oil

Chrome/metal Polish with baby oil

Bleaching Hydrogen peroxide

Scouring Baking soda

Maintaining Your Boat

Antifouling Coatings

Most antifouling bottom paints are harmful to marine life. The newest coatings are formulated to have a less toxic and less long-lasting effect. There are three main types in use: ablative, non-ablative, and hard antifouling. The hard antifouling type is the most environment friendly. It has extended antifouling properties with limited leaching or sloughing of toxic metals into the marine environment.


When you replace any batteries, make sure to recycle the old ones. To reduce corrosion, clean battery terminals with baking soda, rinse with fresh water, then coat the terminals and cable ends with petroleum jelly. Prevent battery cells from freezing. Make sure the cells are filled with distilled water and the battery is fully charged.

From Fisheries and Boating Canada, Office of Boating Safety, Protecting the Aquatic Environment

Page 16

Skippers on the Shore

by Ron Armstrong

An article by Ron Armstrong, Victoria Model

Shipbuilding Society. Final of five parts.

Harrison Pond has also been the site of VMSS regattas since 1996. These entail setting up an obstacle course which tests the shiphandling skill and seamanship of model mariners. Other venues also allow the public to see club models in action or on display. Since 1987 the VMSS has been part of the annual hobby show at Canwest Mall the first weekend of February. Models are arrayed on tables while those small enough motor around the club's own portable pool. Similar exhibits have been held at Cedar Hill Recreation Centre and Hillside Mall, where another show is tentatively planned for the end of April, 2000.

Besides having good fun, Victoria ship modellers have two proud achievements. In 1986 the VMSS had the most amateur shows at Expo '96, entertaining global visitors in the Marine Plaza Pool (Expo Chairman Jim Pattison was a guest skipper!).

The summer of 1995 member Doug Gilbert scored a patriotic coup when he became the US National Champion of the EC 12 class sail races held near Seattle. He won against tough competition from all over the States, with a boat that is a take-off of the America's Cup test model!

Whatever form the enjoyment takes, the magic is the same. Once the little (and not-so-little) pride and joy is launched, she carries more than the fruits of diligent labour. She transports the owner's dreams. He can be an upcoast steamer captain, navigating the rocky BC shoreline. He can be the master of a muscular tug, bucking tide and swell with barges or booms in tow. He can be the commander of a luxury yacht sweeping by lesser craft. He can be the enemy below, prowling for unsuspecting targets. She can be the coxswain of a Swiftsure contender, heeling over and flying for home.

All this, and more, is possible for the Skippers on the Shore.

This concludes our article on model shipbuilding. Members who would like more information about the VMSS are invited to phone Ron Armstrong at 391-01

The original "Rule of Thumb" is thought to be the principle adopted by shipmasters

to avoid dangers. They would never allow their vessel to approach a danger nearer

than the distance that corresponded to a thumb's width on the chart. On a large-

scale chart with plenty of detail they could navigate closer to potential dangers than

on a small-scale chart with less detail.

Page 17

Table of Conversions

Time Distance Surface Measure
Standard hour = 60 minutes

Hour becalmed = 88 minutes

Hour becalmed with guests

aboard = 114 minutes

Hour becalmed with guests

but without beverages = 297 minutes

1 of those little things


= 3 of these little things

1 finger = 2.2 thumbs

1 dent = 4 scratches


1 hole = 40 dents

1 rip = 3 tears

1 square foot of wood

= 2.8 gallons varnish

Time (Marina) Temperature


(when air is 70)

Liquid Measure
Today = next Thursday


Tomorrow = within 10

working days

Next week at the latest

= within 6 weeks

Parts on order = never

cockpit = 56 ice chest = 79


cabin = 88 sea water = 38

head = 103

1 can beer = 14 cans grapefruit soda


1 shower = 11,450 shaves

Headroom Weight Volume
6 feet = 64 inches 1 bag (crew) = 16 lbs


1 bag (skipper) = 22 lbs

1 bag (guest male) = 48 lbs

1 bag (guest female) = 184 lbs

1 cubbyhole = 4 pockets


1 bunk = .71 bed

1 dinghy = 414 cubic feet of water

Boat Safely and Responsibly --

Enjoy your Summer and Allow Others to Enjoy Theirs

Next issue in September