The Beacon

Saanich Peninsula Squadron

March 2002




Bridge Members  Page page 1
Commander’s Comments  page 2
Calendar of Events  page 3
Membership News  page 4
Training Report  page 5
Congratulations to the Parkinsons  page 5
Boat Maintenance —  page 6
Meet the Bridge: Marion Marlor  page 7
Notice of Sqn Annual General Meeting  page 8
Report of Sqn Nominating Committee  pages 8 & 9
Psssssst! Wanna Buy a Boat?  pages 10, 11, 12
Boatswain’s Other Bookshelf  pages 13 & 15
Notice of District AGM  page 14
Answers and Questions  page 15
Classified  page 16
Trivia . . .  page 16


Part of having a strong sense of self is to be accountable for one’s actions. No matter how much we explore motives or lack of motives, we are what we do.     Janet Geringer Woit


page 1

The Beacon

Volume 32 Number 2 March 2002

The Official Newsletter of the Saanich Peninsula Squadron

A Unit of Canadian Power and Sail Squadrons



Cdr Diana McBratney



Past Commander

P/Cdr Ken Reeves



Training Officer

Lt/Cdr John Hudson



Asst. Training Officer

1st Lt Sita Pillay



ATO — Chief Instructor

1st Lt Doug Mitchell



ATO –- Chief Proctor

Lt Peter Vivian



Student Cruise Captain

1st Lt Martin Russell


student cruise


1st Lt Jim Dawson




1st Lt Inez Weberg



Membership Officer

1st Lt Cathy Campbell



Public Relations Officer

 1st Lt Marion Marlor



Supply Officer

1st Lt Ron Townshend



MAREP Officer

1st Lt Kit Raetsen



Communications Officer

1st Lt Jackie Levi



Environment Officer

1st Lt George Winn



Port Captain

1st Lt Gay Miller




Lt Peter Payerl



Social Cruise Captain

P/Cdr Bob Parkinson




P/Cdr Stephen Denroche




Brenna Litwack



*All email addresses are


Meetings of the Squadron Executive Committee (the Bridge) are normally held on the third THURSDAY of each month at 1930 in the Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club, except in July and December. All members of the Squadron are welcome to attend.


The Beacon is our official newsletter. Members with articles or information should send material to the Commander before the 15th of each month.


We also maintain a website . We suggest you check the site regularly for notices of upcoming events, classified ads, etc. 


page 2


Commander’s Comments

It's the end of February already! The second of our annual Boating Courses is now underway along with Piloting and Marine Maintenance courses. The upcoming Student Cruise on the 3rd of March is almost upon us and we're beginning to prepare for our next Graduation and Social Evening in April. How the years fly by!


    My message this month is a plea for help. The reason for the existence of our squadron is to provide boater education -- not only a basic course to new and/or hopeful boaters, but also advanced classes for our members. In order to achieve this objective we need good instructors, supporting proctors, a training officer to organise the courses, and a host of others to provide administrative and logistical support. Each year at our Annual General Meeting the squadron elects approximately 15 to 20 officers to perform these duties. On the 13th of May we will be holding this year’s AGM. Between now and then we must find volunteers to fill the vacancies caused by the retirement of current officers. At this time it would appear that we need volunteers for the following positions:


                        Executive Officer



                        Chief Proctor

                        Special Events Coordinator

                        Port Captain


What can YOU do to help? We need new blood, young or old, to reinvigorate the squadron.


If you don’t feel you can take on a Bridge position, or if you feel you are not ready to jump in with both feet, there are many ways in which you can help the Bridge officers. Let us know if you are able to help in any way. Talk to me or to John Hudson, or call the Chairman of the Nominating Committee, Ken Reeves, and indicate your interest. Please consider this carefully. We have over 300 members; we need only 19 or so to fill the Executive Committee, and we could use a few more to help lighten some of the Bridge load.


                                                                                                                        Diana McBratney, Commander

The smallest deed is better than the greatest intention. (Anon)


page 3

Calendar of Events

Mar. 3

Student Cruise to Otter Bay.

Mar. 21

 Bridge meeting, 1930 at SNSYC. Everyone welcome.

Mar. 25

Marine Maintenance exam and course ends

Mar. 29

to Apr. 1

First of the annual cruises. Friday to (probably) Genoa Bay, Saturday and Sunday at Telegraph Harbour, and Monday return home.

Apr. 9

Boating Course exam and course ends

Apr. 10

 Piloting exam and course ends

Apr. 16

VHF Radio Qualification course (one night). Prior registration with the Squadron Training Officer, John Hudson or 655-3653 is required. 

Apr. 18

Bridge meeting, 1930 at SNSYC. Everyone welcome.

Apr. 21

 District Council Meeting. Commander and Squadron Training Officer will attend.

Apr. 25-28

Sidney Boat Show – The Squadron has been asked to handle the gate again. We will be looking for volunteers closer to the date.

Apr. 29

Graduation, for Spring courses candidates, and Social Evening at SNSYC, 1900 for 1930. Refreshments. All members are encouraged to attend to welcome new members into the Squadron and to chat with old friends over refreshments and “a cuppa” (or something stronger).

For more information about any of the above events, contact the appropriate Bridge officer. Names with phone numbers and email addresses are listed on page 1.



Membership News


We would like to extend a hearty welcome to new members

 who have recently joined us:


     Irene and David Campbell                         Rene Groulx

     Henry and Jackie Charlesworth                 Gerry Fisher

     Bill Harbottle                                                 Rodger Hargreaves

     Gordon and Lynne Neufeld                       Terry McFall

     James Pickford                                               Rui Vargas

     Tracy Wassing                                                Lionel Grime

     Carol Pearce








We welcome also Robert Carey who has transferred to us from Edmonton Squadron, and Paul Ledet who has transferred to us from Strathcona Squadron.


Our sympathy is extended to Lesley Head whose mother passed away recently; also to Chuck Spence whose wife Kay succumbed to cancer last week. Chuck and Kay, while not members of our Squadron, are members of Pender Island Squadron and well known to many who regularly visit Otter Bay Marina.


And, after many years with the Squadron, Doug Goodwin and Morris Thompson, along with their families, have moved to the Comox Valley and transferred to the Cape Lazo Squadron. We will miss you both; and wish you all the best in your new homes. Perhaps we’ll see you “on the water” one of these days!


As of January 31, 2002 our membership is as follows:

Regular members  236
Family members  64
Life members  5
Associate – regular  4
Associate – junior  2
Lady associates  12
Dual members  2
All-inclusive total  325


Please be sure to forward any changes to your address, phone number, email address or boat information to me so that we can keep our Roster and membership databases up to date.


Cathy Campbell, Membership Officer  or 656-5717


page 5

Training Report


Two more students have passed Fundamentals of Weather, bringing the total for the fall 2001 course to 9.


Late registrants for the Boating Course (Jan 8 - April 9, 2002) took the number of students from 18 to 21.


Of the 14 students who started the Marine Maintenance class, 2 had to drop out due to pressure of work. As the class got a 2 week delay in starting, the exam date has now moved to March 25th, 2002. Due to Spring Break and Parkland School being un-available that week, the March 18th class only will be held at St Andrew's Church Hall, 9691 - 4th Street, Sidney. As this will be revision night, no tools are needed.


The Piloting class is proceeding with all 10 students. After a review of the course material, the course has been extended 2 weeks with the exam now on April 10th, 2002.


John Hudson, Training Officer

655-3653 or email



Congratulations . . .

to Mo and Bob Parkinson who have gone into the wine-making business.



Check with Bob about discounts offered to Squadron members!

4011 Quadra Street -  479-9330


page 6

Boat Maintenance —

Engine Check-up (1st in series of 3)


Before you begin the season, invest a few hours of inspection and preventative maintenance in the auxiliary. It will pay off big dividends as the season unfolds. Here's a quick rundown of those areas deserving attention.


Oil replacement

Engines love clean oil. Pull the dipstick and check the level of the oil. An over-full crankcase is often the first sign of something amiss. Note the color and consistency. If it has a muddy, milky appearance-often with bubbles or a sticky feel-water or antifreeze may well be present in the oil. Sometimes it will have an odd odor. Any foreign fluids in the crankcase require immediate attention.


Even if the lube oil and filter were changed prior to lay-up (as they should have been), change the oil again before starting the season. No need to replace the filter.


The transmission is often neglected. Remember: Changing the fluid regularly prolongs transmission life. Perform the same inspection as above for fluid level and contaminants. Dark brown or black transmission fluid with a pungent, burned smell indicates slipping clutch plates.


The all-important coolant

Regardless of engine hours, the antifreeze/water mix should be changed every second year. Coolant level should be checked frequently during the season, topped up if necessary. If the coolant seems to be persistently diminishing, check for possible leaks. The coolant should be cool green with no floating scum floating. From time to time, it's a good idea to check the header tank cap and its gasket. A replacement radiator cap from an automotive store is inexpensive.


Fuel filters

Again, fuel filters should have been replaced and the tanks topped before the fall lay-up. If this was not done, drain some fuel into a glass jar, allow it to settle and then inspect it for water contamination. Change the water separating filter and final filter. For fuel that has been sitting idle, try an additive with water dispersants, anti-gelling properties, biocides and a cetane booster.


Next month: Engine Leaks and Rust Build-up


page 7

Meet the Bridge


Marion MarlorPublic Relations Officer


Let me introduce myself . . .

I have recently (perhaps we should change this to “Last year I”) accepted the position of Public Relations Officer with the Saanich Peninsula Squadron. Most of you probably do not know me. Let me fill you in.


My husband and I moved to Victoria in the spring of 1995 and by the spring of 1996 we were taking the boating course. This is actually quite odd as my husband does not like water. He definitely prefers the land. Nevertheless, we both took the course and thoroughly enjoyed it.


This was actually the second time I had taken the course. Living in Edmonton in the early 80’s I took the boating course and became a junior member of the Edmonton Power Squadron. I was part of the outdoor recreation club at school and we had a sailing trip planned to come to the Gulf Islands. At that time I had no idea I would eventually live with the Gulf Islands as my backyard. All the students were required to take the boating course, and pass it, before being allowed to go on the trip. Some of us who were really keen also took Seamanship Sail. My exam didn’t go as well as it did in basic boating. If only I had paid more attention in physics. My main concern at that time in my life was the sun angle on the deck.


I let my membership drop into the deep depths of the ocean until 1996. My goal when we moved to the coast was to take up water sports- swimming, rowing, kayaking, sailing, fishing- whatever I could get that was on or in the water. If only I knew how related they were (you need to get to know me to get this story!)


I come from a practical family where one reads directions before using new electronics, appliances etc. I guess this led me to take the boating course before I managed to get on as crew on a yacht. The course helped me learn the basics but it also made me realize how much I did not know. Experience teaches me more and more each time I sail. I have been racing since December 1998 doing around the buoys racing in summer, long distance racing in winter, Swiftsure, summer regattas whenever possible and two Van Isle 360 races in 1999 and 2000.


As Public Relations Officer you will definitely hear me refer to the Squadron as the Power and SAIL Squadron as that is where my interest lies. I look forward to the upcoming year and welcome any suggestions anyone has regarding this position.


Marion Marlor


page 8

Notice of

Annual General Meeting


Take Notice that the Annual General Meeting of Saanich Peninsula Power and Sail Squadron will be held at the Sidney North Saanich Yacht Club, 1949 Marina Way, Sidney, BC on 13 May 2002 at 1930.



1. Receiving and, if thought fit, approving the reports of the Officers of the Squadron;


2. Receiving and, if thought fit, approving the Financial Statements of the Squadron for the twelve month period ending March 31, 2002, and the report of the Squadron Auditor thereon;


3. Electing the Officers of the Squadron;


4. Appointing the Squadron Auditor;


5. Considering such further business as may properly come before the Meeting.

The Report of the Squadron Nominating Committee is attached to and forms part of this Notice. Under Squadron Regulation 12.1, any further nominations must be made by way of a petition in writing signed by not less than 5 members of this Squadron who shall confirm the consent of the nominee to stand for election. The petition must be filed with the Squadron Secretary not less than 2 days prior to the date of this Meeting.


Copies of the Treasurer's Report, together with financial statements of the Squadron's fiscal year ending March 31, 2002, will be available at the Meeting. Copies of the Minutes of 2001 Annual General Meeting will also be available.


2002 Report of the

Squadron Nominating Committee


The Squadron Nominating Committee nominates the following Members for election as Squadron Officers for 2002/2003:


Commander (Cdr)    tba
Executive Officer (Lt/C) tba
Training Officer (Lt/C) Lt/C John Hudson


page 9

Assistant Training Officer 1st Lt Sita Pillay
ATO — Chief Instructor  1st Lt Doug Mitchell
ATO — Chief Proctor tba
ATO — Student Cruise 1st Lt Martin Russell
Treasurer  tba
Secretary tba
Membership Officer 1st Lt Cathy Campbell
Public Relations Officer 1st Lt Marion Marlor
Supply Officer 1st Lt Ron Townshend
Editor, Beacon  Ralph Hodd
Social Cruisemaster  Ernie Lalonde
Special Events tba
Communications Officer 1st Lt Jackie Levi
Webmaster Lt Peter Payerl
Environmental Officer 1st Lt George Winn
MAREP Officer 1st Lt Kit Raetsen
Port Captain tba
Archivist P/Cdr Stephen Denroche


The Squadron Nominating Committee also nominates the following Member for appointment as Auditor of the Squadron:

Brenna Litwack, 370 Wain Rd, Sidney, BC V8L 5P9


The Squadron Nominating Committee advises that the following Member will serve on the Squadron Executive Committee for the next year by virtue of her position as immediate Past Commander, and does not require election or appointment:

Past Commander (P/Cdr) Cdr Diana McBratney

Pursuant to Squadron Regulations the following Members will serve on the Squadron Nominating Committee for 2002/2003 by virtue of their positions, and do not require election or appointment:

Past Commander, Chair Diana McBratney

Commander tba

Past Past Commander Ken Reeves

Respectfully submitted:

P/Cdr Ken Reeves, Chair

Cdr Diana McBratney

Lt/C John Hudson


Pssssst! Wanna Buy A Boat?


Lessons Learned in Buying a Boat!


What follows is a checklist of the topics that you should consider when you make a decision to enter the boat market. Given the financial consequences and the time and effort it will take to rectify any mistakes, buying a boat poses one of the most significant learning experiences for any boater -- veteran hand or novice. We have just gone through the process and our experiences (good and bad) might be helpful for someone just starting out.

By way of background, we arrived on the Island in 2000 and got the good advice to sign up for the CPS Boating Course. We both attended. Not only did the Boating Course deliver on the safety side of the equation, but also we learned a lot that guided us in our purchase --- and we met some very knowledgeable people, both Instructors and fellow-Students.

Each of the following topics deserves a fair bit of discussion but our purpose in this short article is simply to try to organize the thinking of those that are about to make the jump to boat ownership.

What Kind of a Boat? The variation is endless and we discovered that any boat is a compromise that involves considerations of budget, intended use, how often the boat would be used and in what kind of weather. We prepared a list of “Must Have” and “Nice to Have” features and this was of great help in dealing with brokers and marinas. Unless you show that you know where you are going, and that you are serious, many salespeople will not spend time with you. The first question sine qua non (that’s lawyers talk for “Do this first!) is to decide as between sail and powerboat. Our initial searching showed that the value in sailboats seemed to be much better in this area. But we ended up buying a powerboat.


2. If Powerboat, What Engine and Drive Configuration? We opted for a twin diesel in the end but we were open to many other power arrangements. There is a strong preference for diesel power here on the West Coast but there are thousands of boats that use gas and very few of them explode and burn to the waterline!


page 11


3. Your Budget We set it, set it again and then overspent! This is probably the most important primary decision. You will not enjoy your boat if you are continually worried about financing and on the other hand, you will be disappointed if you cannot get most of the things on your “Must Have” list.

 If you can’t reconcile your budget with your “Must Have” list, maybe it’s time to consider chartering for a while. In your calculations, don’t forget to take into consideration taxes and custom duties payable upon a sale (and these can be considerable on foreign-built boats), moorage, maintenance and insurance costs.


4. Kicking Tires You need to develop a sound sense of the market and the price ranges for the boats in the class that you have decided upon. Sources here include local brokers and marinas, journals such as the Boat Journal and Pacific Yachting, and websites such as You will have to invest time and travel money to expand your search but it is absolutely necessary to see what is available, the condition of the vessels and their respective prices. In this regard, websites can be misleading. Something that appears good in a website picture can turn out to be disappointing when you see it in the flesh. Be patient and look for a long time to build up your knowledge base. Rely upon friends that are in boating who can tell you of their purchasing mistakes. However, be wary of relying upon friends’ price and value estimates. Most haven’t been in the market for a long time and may not have kept up on pricing.


5. The Role of Brokers Remember they work for the vendor and are generally paid a commission on the sale price of the boat. Our experience with brokers was mixed and in some cases, a disaster. However, if you can find a broker that will stick with you, his/her advice can be invaluable. But be cautious: it is probably slanderous to say it but they are the marine equivalent of a used car salesmen.


6. US Boats and the US Market We initially started looking for a 32 ft. Grand Banks Woodie. We couldn’t match the price of the newer plastic boats with our budget. We toured around Puget Sound and looked at every Grand Banks available. The weak Canadian dollar, customs duties payable on foreign built

  (i.e. outside of the US and Canada), GST and PST are real financial hurdles. As a rule of thumb, you must double the US advertised sale price of a foreign-built boat, to get an idea of what the price will be landed in Canada with taxes and customs duty factored in.


page 12

Lessons Learned in Buying a Boat! (cont’d.....)

However, there are some US boats that have been registered or licensed in Canada, and these are much easier on the pocketbook; but they are the exception. Choice is good and it is a good way to develop your knowledge base. And you can make the trip around the Sound into a mini-vacation!


7. Boat Condition In a real estate transaction the maxim is “Location, location, location!” In a boat purchase, it is “Condition, Condition, Condition!” Make sure that you investigate and document all of the cosmetic, structural, major and minor faults for each vessel that you look at. For this purpose, we developed a fairly comprehensive inspection sheet that we filled out for each boat we looked at and this covered such basic items as power, equipment, electronics, general condition and visible defects. Without such a list, the price doesn’t mean much. And we found that after we had looked at 20 boats or so, they all seemed to blur together and without our viewing lists, we would have got nothing from our comprehensive survey of what was available. Check maintenance records if available and make this a part of the deal.


8. Making a Conditional Offer An offer is a binding legal document that, if accepted, commits you financially to the purchase and at a minimum, risks your deposit if you decide to back away for whatever reason. Offers are normally conditional upon a hull and equipment survey, and sometimes on purchaser getting adequate financing. As a lawyer, I wanted to insert some other clauses dealing with representations and warranties. Most brokers will consider this if the requests are reasonable. Bear in mind that a boat purchase usually involves a significant amount of money and therefore, caution is the watchword.


9. Learn Your Boat Once you have your new boat in possession, you begin the task of educating yourself about its capabilities, its mechanical and electrical systems and its navigational equipment. This will help avoid the “Now What?” experiences when you are out cruising. This should not be work! Enjoy your new boat.


In the future, we may go into a more-detailed analysis of each of these and other topics that will assist the purchaser in what should be a very enjoyable experience.


Nancy & Peter Vivian, TAMARACOUTA



page 13

Boatswain’s Other Bookshelf


I survived the horrors of the Vancouver Boat Show (14 hours in BC Place Stadium for 5 days). Actually there were some great moments, and as always, a number of fascinating authors to be met.


In preparation for the show, I decided that I needed something light and cheery, so I picked up a copy of “Darling, Call the Coast Guard, We’re on Fire Again!” Touch Wood Editions, an imprint of Horsdal & Schubart, Victoria. Written by Catherine Dook it sells for $15.95 pb. The cover is a rather unfortunate throwback to the lurid covers of the 50’s, but don’t let that dissuade you from delving into this delightful series of tales about liveaboard life on the west coast. I had the pleasure of meeting Catherine and John (the actual hero of the book) in Vancouver and they thought the cover quite a hoot, and no, they do not look like the Archie/Betty duo on the cover!


Catherine Dook and her new husband John changed lifestyles after their marriage, purchased a ferro cement vessel, Inuksuk and moved on board in Cowichan Bay. Their introduction to boating was fraught with mishaps. Catherine, being a novice to boating, found herself involved in some hilarious misunderstandings. I loved the tale where she naively offers her husband assistance in the most disgusting of tasks – cleaning the bilge.


June Cameron, was also in Vancouver to promote her new book, Shelter from the Storm (Heritage House, $17.95 paper bound). If you read her first book, Destination Cortez Island, also from Heritage House, you’ll want the next installment of her experiences as a seafaring woman on the BC Coast. Shelter from the Storm describes June as a single parent buying a 24-foot racing sail boat, and with her youngest son, teaching herself first how to sail it and then how to race it over the next ten years with her all female crew.


Don Douglass and his wife Reanne Hemingway-Douglass, have an updated and expanded Exploring the North Coast of BC and Alaska, Fine Edge Publications. This publication takes you from Nakwakto Rapids to the Alaska border. It includes much more information on the Queen Charlottes (Haida Gwaii). If you have to ask the price, you can’t afford the book – although it is well worth the output and contains much new research of hard to reach spots not previously sounded –such as Spiller channel and Griffin Passage, Douglas channel, etc. - to think, there are still uncharted waters.

(concluded on page 15)


page 14





In accordance with Article 11 of the District Regulations you are hereby notified that the Annual General Meeting of Canadian Power and Sail Squadrons, Vancouver Island South District, will be held on


DATE: Saturday, May 11, 2002, at 1330

PLACE: Mary Winspear Community Cultural Centre

Sancha Hall, Sidney, BC


for the purpose of

  • receiving and, if thought fit, approving the minutes of the previous AGM held May 6, 2000.

  • receiving and, if thought fit, approving the reports of Officers

  • receiving and, if thought fit, approving the Financial Statements of the District for the twelve month period ending March 31, 2002

  • receiving and, if thought fit, approving the Auditor's Report

  • receiving the reports of Squadron Commanders

  • electing the Officers of the District

  • appointing the Auditor for the District

  • considering such further and other business as may properly come before the Meeting.

The Report of the District Nominating Committee will follow, and forms part of this Notice. Article 12 - Eligibility: No member of this District shall be eligible for election as provided in Section 11.6.1 of the District Regulations at any Annual District Conference unless nominated by the District Nominating Committee or by a petition in writing signed by not less than five members of this District who shall confirm the consent of their nominee to such nomination. All such nominations by petition shall be filed with the District Secretary not less than two days prior to the date of the meeting at which such election shall take place.


Dated this 15th day of February, 2002.


D/Lt Bev Gerry

District Secretary


The Report of the District Nominating Committee will be published in the April issue of The Beacon.


page 15

Answers . . .

                                                                    The Annual Christmas Dinner


In the last issue of The Beacon I asked members the following questions:

Would you prefer a dinner at some other time of the year?

Would you like a dinner in June, say with the Sailpast, and/or would you rather have it incorporated with the Grad night in January? Would you like a change of venue? Would you rather pay more and have a sit-down meal? How about a luncheon instead? Entertainment, do we need it? Any other ideas? Do we have a member who likes to plan parties and who would agree to be a part of the committee??


I guess it was too much for everyone. The response to these questions was abysmal. Only two people replied. Come on people! Have a look at this month’s questions and let me know what you think!


                                    . . . and Questions


Future of Our Squadron


What would you like to see the Squadron doing differently — either in an educational context or in a social context — in the future? What would it take to get YOU interested in helping with the work of the Squadron?


                    Let me know.                             Diana McBratney     656-4590     or






Boatswain’s Other Bookshelf

(concluded from page 13)


If you want to stay warm and dry on your boat, check out Roger McAfee’s The Warm Dry Boat, $26.95. Roger himself is a force to be contended with – full of energy and ideas. He has regular columns in Liveaboard Life and other publications and also wrote The Steel Hull.


Ann Tighe Patten, Compass Rose Nautical Books

656-4674 or 


page 16



For Sale / Wanted

For Sale: Mustang "Cruiser class" suit (L) as new. "Scotty" downrigger, salmon rods, rod holders, net, tacklebox with lures. "Sealand Sanipottie", Portable propane BBQ, 140' braided nylon 1/2" anchor rode.

Call Bill Morrow, 656-7826


For Sale: Five quarts VC Antifouling black paint, $250.00.

Call Harry or Alice at 656-6745, or contact them at


Squadron members who have marine items, boats, etc. for sale or wanted — be sure to notify us so that your ad can be included here and on our website. Email with details.



Trivia . . .


Everyone? knows there are tidal bulges on opposite sides of the earth, but do they understand why and the mechanism by which it works? And if they are towing their boat for a cruise on land, do they realize and make proper allowance for the fact that rock does bend, by as much as 30 centimeters (about a foot) up and down twice a day? Maybe that explains why rocks pop up where the tide tables make you think you are safe. When practicing the precise navigation taught by CPS, do they take into consideration the fact that the earth's rotation is slowing every day? This makes each day longer than the previous one . . . and I thought that it was only the work-day that seemed to get longer. The facts surrounding all these matters can be found at .


Submitted by Stephen Denroche,